The more than 500,000 images document conditions in the world’s most dangerous places.
The Hood Museum of Art at Dartmouth has acquired the complete archive of award-winning photojournalist and war photographer James Nachtwey ’70, who has spent more than 35 years documenting conditions in some of the world’s most dangerous conflict zones.
Nachtwey’s archive—made up of more than 500,000 images—bring to the College a photography collection of great historical significance, encompassing every photograph taken by Nachtwey over the course of his career (including numerous unpublished photographs and negatives), along with all future photographs taken between now and the end of his working life.
“I hope that my archive will inspire future generations—in all fields, as well as future photographers—to approach the world with the same global perspective and concern for human dignity and social justice that I have sought to convey through my work,” says Nachtwey, who is in residence at Dartmouth as a provostial fellow.
“My time on campus has reinforced my inherent appreciation of Dartmouth’s abiding commitment to these values, which—along with the Hood Museum of Art’s exemplary educational infrastructure—makes the school an ideal home for my archive,” he says.
“It is hard to over-estimate the teaching value of the Nachtwey archive,” says John Stomberg, the Virginia Rice Kelsey 1961s Director of the Hood.
“James Nachtwey has traveled the globe for decades with an unparalleled eye for the human side of world affairs. He tells stories photographically that delve deep into the underlying issues at hand while treating his subjects with compassion and respect. He is deservedly recognized for the visual impact and emotional depth of his photography,” says Stomberg. “The archive transforms the museum into a center on campus where the intersection between photography and society can be studied in depth.”
Nachtwey will help catalogue his archive. He will also work on new publication projects, teach, lecture, and work on an oral history of his career. He will collaborate with museum staff, faculty, and students to enrich a wide variety of academic pursuits on campus.
One of the leading photojournalists of his generation, Nachtwey has amassed an important body of work that documents violent conflict, political strife, natural disasters, global poverty, and public health issues throughout Central America, the Middle East, Africa, Eastern Europe, Asia, and the United States.
These harrowing conditions are captured in an archival collection that includes nearly 330,000 photographic negatives, 170,000 digital image files, 7,200 exhibition-quality prints, 2,000 large-format works, 25,500 small-scale prints, 12,500 contact sheets, and much more.
The historical and geographic breadth of Nachtwey’s archive offers substantial opportunity for engagement with nearly every academic department at Dartmouth, which will be supported by the development of digital resources and by extensive exhibition and educational programming at the museum and at other campus centers.
Dartmouth will look for ways to support cross-disciplinary study of this important collection and establish the museum and Dartmouth as one of the world’s leading institutions for the study and exhibition of photojournalism.
The addition of Nachtwey’s archive to the collection will significantly enhance the Hood Museum of Art’s already substantial photography holdings, which include the work of such photographers as Ansel Adams, Diane Arbus, Subhankar Banerjee, Hans Bellmer, Edward Burtynsky, Julia Margaret Cameron, María Magdalena Campos-Pons, Renée Cox, Rineke Dijkstra, Walker Evans (who was an artist-in-residence at Dartmouth in 1972), Jane Hammond, David Hilliard, Lewis Hines, Lotte Jacobi, Nikki S. Lee, Susan Meiselas, Gordon Parks, Malick Sidibé, Ralph Steiner (Dartmouth Class of 1921), Joel Sternfeld (Dartmouth Class of 1965), and many others.
The Hood’s existing photography collection includes three of Nachtwey’s most iconic photographs: Rwanda (1994), which shows a Hutu man disfigured by a machete; San Miguel Province, El Salvador (1984), depicting the horrors of the civil war in El Salvador; and World Trade Center (2001), Nachtwey’s firsthand account of the attacks on September 11, 2001.
James Nachtwey was born on March 14, 1948, in Syracuse, N.Y., and grew up in Massachusetts. In 1970, he graduated from Dartmouth, where he completed majors in art history and government. In 1976, he started work as a newspaper photographer in New Mexico, and in 1980 he moved to New York to begin a career as a freelance magazine photographer. His first foreign assignment was to cover civil strife in Northern Ireland in 1981 during the IRA hunger strike.
He has been a contract photographer with TIME magazine since 1984. He was associated with Black Star photo agency from 1980 to 1985 and was a member of the Magnum agency from 1986 to 2001 and a founding member of the photo cooperative VII.
He has had solo exhibitions at numerous museums and galleries, including the International Center of Photography in New York, Bibliothèque Nationale de France in Paris, Palazzo delle Esposizioni in Rome, Museum of Photographic Arts in San Diego, El Circulo de Bellas Artes in Madrid, FOAM in Amsterdam, Carolinum in Prague, and Hasselblad Center in Sweden, as well as many other venues.
His photographs are included in the permanent collections of the Museum of Modern Art, Whitney Museum of American Art, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, Boston Museum of Fine Arts, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Museum of Fine Arts Houston, Minneapolis Museum of Art, and Centre Pompidou, among others.
Nachtwey has honorary doctorate degrees from Dartmouth, Massachusetts College of Art, San Francisco Art Institute, and St. Michael’s College.
He has received numerous honors, including the Common Wealth Award, Heinz Foundation Award, TED Prize, Dan David Prize, Robert Capa Gold Medal (five times), World Press Photo award (twice), Magazine Photographer of the Year (seven times), International Center of Photography Infinity Award (three times), Bayeux Award for War Correspondents (twice), the W. Eugene Smith Memorial Grant in Humanistic Photography, as well as lifetime achievement awards from the Overseas Press Club, the American Society of Magazine Editors, and Time, Inc.
In 2012, he was awarded the Dresden Prize, given annually to individuals who have devoted their work to helping prevent violence. In May of this year, Nachtwey was named the 2016 recipient of Spain’s prestigious Princess of Asturias Award for Communication. He is also the subject of the Oscar-nominated documentary film War Photographer, directed by the Swiss filmmaker Christian Frei and released to critical acclaim in 2001.